Design of Carpet

1-Vase
The pattern of "Vase" was probably created in the second half of the 16th century corresponding with the reign of Shah Abbas. In the pattern the field of the carpet is usually divided from side to side by rows of floral lozenges or some other geometrical frames, arranged In lattice forms.
Each individual design contains a Vase or a bunch of flowers. In the same pattern, either a row of animals or hunters on horse back can be found.
The group of "Vase" rugs is generally subdivided into Arabesque Design, Serrated Leaf, Mehrabi Goldani, repeated


1-Vase

 

 


The pattern of "Vase" was probably created in the second half of the 16th century corresponding with the reign of Shah Abbas. In the pattern the field of the carpet is usually divided from side to side by rows of floral lozenges or some other geometrical frames, arranged In lattice forms.
Each individual design contains a Vase or a bunch of flowers. In the same pattern, either a row of animals or hunters on horse back can be found.
The group of "Vase" rugs is generally subdivided into Arabesque Design, Serrated Leaf, Mehrabi Goldani, repeated Panels and multiple Medallions.
Unlike the Medallion carpets this pattern has a design which is woven in one direction. Viewed from the opposite direction, the design appears inverted. Experts believe that this pattern was woven in Kerman, Kashan, Esfahan, Tabriz, Yazd and even in Harat.
Arthur Pope believes that the pattern was created in Josheqhan (Central Iran).
Several samples of the "Vase" are now kept in museums of New York, Hamburg, Paris, Milan, Vienna and Tehran. That is the BIG RUG ART of iran.

 2-Tree and Shrub design









 The 16th century  by a combination of the "Medallion" pattern with shapes of animals and trees, the Iranian artist introduced a new design called "Tree and Shrub".
The finest carpet of this design is found in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. The Medallion of this carpet is in the form of a pool of fish, which is surrounded by trees and branches having beautiful flowers. Experts are of the opinion that all carpets of this category, which were woven in 16th, 17th and 18th century, originated in Kordestan and from parts of North - Western Iran. Lovely and exquisite samples of this design are kept in the Museum of Philadelphia and the Metropolitan Museum of New York. And it is the BIG RUG ART of iran too.

 

3- Harati

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Harati design derives its name from the city oh Harat (part of Persia
but now in Afghanistan). The design is generally composed of a single floral head, within a diamond framework flanked by four outwardly curling leaves. One of this carpets is now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York and the other one is in the Museum at Vienna.
"Harati! design rugs are closely associated with those from Khorasan, Kordestan, Harnedan ,Azarbaijan.

 4-Stripped (Moharramat)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 This name  is applied to designs which are repeat in narrow strips along the length of a carpet.
Each strip has its own specific colour and design in some areas of Iran this pattern is also known as Ghalamdani. Botteh Moharrarnat is one of the sub - patterns of this design.

5-Portrait and pictorial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this kind of designs, political personages, portraits, landscapes and painting are depicted and constitute the main subjects of this category, which are common in the high level workshops of Tehran, Tabriz and Kerman.

6-Garden

  The design is based on the formal gardens of ancient Persia with their abundance of flora separated by pathways and ornamental ponds.
They sometimes take the form of a palace garden seen from above but more often a garden is simply implied by the juxtaposition of vegetal and foliate forms.
In the classical Persian design of gardens the field of the carpet is divided equally by channels of water into four sections; named "Chahar bagh" meaning four gardens. Usually, the centre medallion has the form of a pool containing fishes and ducks. The water in the pool and channels are woven in pale blue and beige and on the background of each square are woven birds and shrubs and a cluster of flowers incarnating the lively world of animals.
Some of these carpets are woven in the shape of a Mehrab (a special place in the mosque where the Imam prays) in the others the background has been divided into six sections.
Garden designs are most closely associated with the Kerman weavers of southern Persia and date back to the 1yth and early ie" century. Iran is situated in a dry arid region, where in many parts there is an endless expanse of desert or naked mountains.
The people naturally sought the beauty of nature. All the lovely designs such as streams, pools, gardens with trees and birds which are seen in the Persian carpets are an attempt to bring the lush beauty of nature into their lives.


7-Hunting scenery

A carpet of this design generally depicts hunting with human figures (usually on horseback) or predatory animals pursuing their prey amidst fertile undergrowth of various plant life.
Formal hunting scenes are firmly rooted in the traditions of the Persian Shahs and Princelings who loved to have themselves depicted as noble hunters and horsemen.
A small number of these carpets are connected to the Safavid period.
Numbering eighteen pieces, fourteen were small in size with dimension of approximately 2.50x1.50 m.
These carpets are also decorated with either Corner Medallions made in silk.
The carpets were woven in Kashan .. The finest of the remaining four larger carpets is kept in the museum in Osterreichisches Vienna, Austria. It is extremely elegant, made entirely of silk and brocaded with silver and gold. The size is 6.80x3.20 m. and its knots number about 1.270.000 to each square metre.
Experts believe that Sultan Mahammad, the skilled painter of Shah Tahmasb's Court, who was a pupil of the celebrated Iranian painter Behzad, designed this incomparable piece. The animals depicted in these designs included lion, deer, wild ass, etc. Pasturing amidst trees and bushes with huntsmen on horseback or on foot, with bow and arrow.

8- Shah-Abbasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The basic sketch is formed from specially designed flowers, which are known as Shah¬Abbasi. It is set off by other floral designs and occasionally Eslimi motif, these abstract flowers form the main design in the field and the borde-r, all over (Afshan), medallion, Sheikh-Safi, tree, animal, turreted medallion are the better known in the secondary group of this design.

9-Eslimi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract circular branches of a tree amidst leaves are the basic form of this design.
The branches are adorned with foliate spurs known as Eslimi. There are many kinds of Eslimi designs predominating in some carpets of which the Dahan Ajdari is the best known.

10-Botteh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Botteh design is the abstract form of the cypress tree common in both Indian and Iranian patterns from olden times and for many years it had had a good market. There are various forms and sizes in the Botteh designs in Iran. The famous one of this category are: Botteh jegheh, Botteh terme, Botteh saraband or Botteh Mir, Botteh Ghalarnkar Esfahan, Botteh Kordastani and Botteh Afshar!

11-Afshan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Normally in carpet designs all the components and forms are joined and linked together as if the painter's pen has never ceased its movement from the beginning until the end of the sketch. In the Afshan design, the flowers, branches and other motifs are scattered on the surface of the carpet without being joined.
Well-known patterns in this group are: Afshan Shah Abbasi, Afshan bouquet of flower, Afshan gol


12-Prayer (Mehrabi)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The prayer niche in the mosque where the Imam prays inspires the basic design of the rug. Some ornaments such as columns, headband, candelabrum (Ghadil), Shah Abbasi flowers, may enrich this design. Among the numerous variations are tree prayer (Mehrabi Derakhti), vase prayer (Mehrabi Goldani), candelabrum prayer (Mehrabi Ghandili).

13-Historical building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To create these designs the inspiration has been taken from the tile work and architecture of ancient buildings. In the course of history carpet designers have copied the main patterns and created similar designs.
Some of the most famous of the relic are Sheik Lotf-ollah mosque, Takhte-Jamshid
(persepolis), Taqhe-Bostan.

 14- Bandi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When a small portion of a design is repeated and connected throughout the length and width, the pattern is called interconnected (Bandi).
Sub patterns of this group are known as Bandi Varamin or Mina - Khani, Bandi Eslimi, Bandi Mollah Nasreddin, interconnected cartouche, interconnected deer horn (Bandi Shakh Gavazni).


15-Panel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The field of the carpet in this design is divided by some lateral panels and the carpet looks just like a chess-board. The interior of each panel is decorated by the traditional motif of each district such as vase, Botteh, bunch of Grapes, Willow, flowers, birds, animals etc. This design which is originally from Bakhtiari area, is appreciated also by the craftsmen of Tabriz, Ghom, Birjand. Sub - patterns are Bakhtiari panel, Eslimi panel.

 

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The 16thcentury by a combination of the "Medallion" pattern with shapes of animals and trees, the Iranian artist introduced a new design called "Tree and Shrub".

The finest carpet of this design is found in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. The Medallion of this carpet is in the form of a pool of fish, which is surrounded by trees and branches having beautiful flowers. Experts are of the opinion that all carpets of this category, which were woven in 16th, 17th and18thcentury, originated in Kordestan and from parts of North - Western Iran. Lovely and exquisite samples of this design are kept in the Museum of Philadelphia and the Metropolitan Museum of New York. And it is the BIG RUG ART of iran too.

 

3- Harati

The Harati design derives its name from the city oh Harat (part of Persia

but now in Afghanistan). The design is generally composed of a single floral head, within a diamond framework flanked by four outwardly curling leaves. One of this carpets is now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York and the other one is in the Museum at Vienna.

"Harati! design rugs are closely associated with those from Khorasan, Kordestan, Harnedan ,Azarbaijan.

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