The Afshars are one of the greatest nomadic tribes of Iran. Their most famous member was Nadir Shah, the eighteenth century king who defeated an Afghan insurrection and went on to capture Delhi from which he carried the Peacock Throne back to Iran amongst other spoils. Nowadays, the Afshars are famous chiefly for their rugs
The ancestors of the Afshar tribesmen were the Turkamans, who first dwelled in the Caucasian area and around Lake Orumiyeh (north-west of Iran).
Successively by order of both Shah Esmail Safavi (1502-1524) and Nader Shah Afshar (1736-1747) they emigrated and settled in the villages surrounding Kerman. At present these people live in the towns of Sirjan, Neyriz and Shahr-e-Babak, in the heights of Bafgh, on the slopes of the lalehzar Mountain and in the South and West of Kerman.
The Caucasian design is still dominant among these nomadic weavers. Most of these carpets with their geometrical and stylised designs have enriched the collection of Iran's carpet designs.
Red, blackish blue, purple and ivory are the predominant colours of Afshar rugs. The designs most common are Botteh, Vase ,atticed lozenge, overall flowers and the five-medallion design. Sirjan rugs have mainly geometric designs with large repertoire of ornaments based on polygons, plain and hooked diamonds. Normally the sizes of Afshar rugs are small and one can rarely find carpets that exceed four sq. m. Infact, Nomadic tribes in the year two times because they are unable to carry big looms so can’t weaving a BIG RUG.
The weavers often use the famous Harati motif; you can find these carpets in different qualities. BIJAR rugs and carpets not only go well with antique furniture, they beautifully complement modern and contemporary furniture, as well.
All Afshar rugs have a woollen pile; the warps and wefts are generally cotton. Rugs sold around Sirjan are medium in density and tightly woven. Patterns are simple; large hexagonal medallions or three lozenge shaped medallions are common. Deep red and blue are prominent colors. Rugs sold around Shahr-e-Babak are finer. The designs are also geometric, but highly inventive, often including animals and birds. A wide range of colors are used. Nomadic carpets are full of rich art. They are made very simple but very pretty. And European use this ART in the decoration of their homes so much.